Tips On Framing A Roof
Framing a roof takes a skilled hand who knows the tricks and the materials needed to build a sturdy, durable roof that will last for years. A structure can not exist without a well built, strong roof and knowing the basics of roof framing will ensure a wonderful outcome. Many carpenters use the same methods learned centuries ago such as trusses, that are still seen today on many beautiful cathedrals.
Conventional carpentry has not failed yet and is considered the universal way to get the job done. The one main factor is the resting walls the roof will be placing weight on. Make sure they are level and make 90 degree angles.
Hip roofs are the most up to date methods of building roofs on homes as all sides create a slope to allow for drainage for rain water. A Gable roof is basically two pieces of lumber that meet in the middle to form a "peak". It is considered the easiest way to build a roof. Knowing the pitch, or slope, of your roof is key to framing a roof.
Calculating the pitch is done by comparing the rise and span of the roof. Calculating the rise and span will determine what length the rafters need to be for framing. You can purchase a capender's calculator online or at any local hardware store for as low as $72.00.
Roofing is made up of several types, shed, porch, hip roofs, gable roofs, gambrel roofs and mansard roofs. The anount of ridge boards and overhangs can make the cost a bit high as these add to the complexity of the process. A framing square is a tool used during the layout process and also helps with the cutting of the rafters. Many contractors use pre-cut tresses today to help cut the time needed to build a house, but the strongest roofs are made by piece by piece lumber.
Do it yourself manuals are available online for free download if you are up for the challenge along with expert advice via video on YouTube. Do not tackle this job alone, especially if using pre constructed tresses, they tend to be heavy. Let your first project be small, such as a shed to get a feel for the task.
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